Compliance and efficacy of saline irrigation in pediatric chronic rhinosinusitis

Sang Duk Hong, Joon Ho Kim, Hyo Yeol Kim, Min-Seok Jang, Hun-Jong Dhong, Seung-Kyu Chung
Auris, Nasus, Larynx 2014, 41 (1): 46-9

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate compliance with and effectiveness of nasal irrigation in children with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) and to assess its clinical course.

METHODS: Seventy-seven children with refractory CRS resistant to medical treatment including antibiotics and nasal corticosteroids were included. We evaluated patients' nasal symptom and Lund Mackay CT scores at baseline. All patients were educated about nasal irrigation and encouraged to perform nasal irrigation 1-3 times a day. After 1 month, patients were reevaluated regarding compliance with the protocol and improvement of CRS by assessing symptom score and endoscopic evaluation. The patients were followed up for at least two months to assess need for further treatment including surgery.

RESULTS: Mean age of patients was 8.3 years ranging from 4 to 13 years. Mean follow-up duration with nasal saline irrigation was 6.2 months (2-32 months). Forty nine patients (63.6%) successfully carried out nasal irrigation during follow-up (good compliance [GC] group) and 28 patients (36.4%) did not successfully carry out nasal irrigation (poor compliance [PC] group). There were no significant differences between GC and PC groups regarding clinical characteristics and baseline Lund-MacKay CT scores. Subjective and objective improvements were observed in 36 patients (73.5%) in the GC group and 14 patients (50.0%) in the PC group. Surgery including endoscopic sinus surgery and/or adenoidectomy was performed in 8 patients (16.3%) in the GC group and 12 patients (42.9%) in the PC group. The rate of surgical treatment was significantly different between the groups (p=0.019).

CONCLUSION: Nasal irrigation in children with long standing CRS is relatively well tolerated (63.6%) and effective. Nasal saline irrigation should be considered as a primary treatment tool in CRS even in pediatric age group.

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