One hundred years since the birth of academician Dimitar Arsov, founder and nestor of the modern internal medicine in the Republic of Macedonia

M Polenaković
Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki) 2013, 34 (1): 15-40
Dimitar Arsov was born in Kriva Palanka on September 28, 1908 and died on July 2, 1974 in Skopje; he had finished elementary education in Kriva Palanka, high school (1922-1926) in Kumanovo, Macedonia and Col-lege of Medicine (1926-1932), Ph. D. University of Paris, Sorbone, France, 1936. He returned to Macedonia in 1937. In 1947 he was elected and Assistant Professor and in 1950 a Docent at the Faculty of Medicine in Skopje. He was appointed Director of the Clinic of Medicine and Head of the Chair of Internal Medicine, who served at those positions in the period 1952-74. In 1958 he was elected Professor of Internal Medicine. The first habilitation of the Medical Faculty in Skopje was defended by D. Arsov in 1954, titled: "The Effects of the Intravenous Epinephrine on the Hypersplenism of Malaria and Cala-Azar". On August 18, 1967, D. Arsov was elected Full Member and also the first member in the field of medicine of the Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts. The excellent experience in the work with the patients, precise observation of the symptoms and syndromes of the diseases in each patient, knowing the most advanced therapy at that time enabled D. Arsov to make conclusion for possibility of new therapy and gave him the material for writing scientific papers. In the first half of the 50s, during his regular work, Arsov discovers a new, internationally recognized therapy for rheumatism. Patients of both Cala-Azar and inflammatory rheumatism were treated with small doses of adrenaline therapy and they felt drastic decrease in rheumatism inflammation within one week. This therapy was used a couple of years in several countries around the world. He participated in the undergraduate and graduate studies. He contributed to the development of 2,240 graduated doctors and under his management over 300 doctors specialized in internal medicine and became specialists internists. Under his management, numerous habilitations and dissertations in internal medicine were finished. He contributed also to the development of 25 assistants, 5 docents, 5 full-time professors in internal medicine at the Medical Faculty in Skopje. He has published more than 200 papers from different areas of internal medicine, of which 36 are on the PubMed. He has published 5 books on internal medicine for students and doctors. He was a President and member of several Macedonian medical associations, as well as of medical associations of former Yugoslavia. He was awarded with the highest awards of former Yugoslavia and Macedonia. He was also awarded with international awards, such as: Doctor Honoris Causa by the University in Besancon and Honor and Medal from the City Assembly of Besancon (France). During his management of the Internal clinic the University Internal clinic developed eight different sub-specialist departments: Cardiology, Pneumology, Rheumatology, Nephrology, Hematology, Gastroenterology and Endocrinology with metabolism and Clinical biochemical laboratory. The fast development of subspecialties has led to development of separate clinics for each subspecialty in 1975, so only the Chair of Internal Medicine remained as a connection between the subspecialties for education and scientific research. He was a prolific scientist who after World War II wrote the first scientific and specialist papers and books in the field of internal medicine in Macedonia. He created a school of internal medicine. The scientific and uncompromised attitude towards the expert truth are weaved in the unforgettable face of the Academician Prof. D-r. Dimitar Arsov, scientist, teacher, and doctor. With his vast work in healing the sick and preventing the diseases in the Republic of Macedonia, he became the cornerstone of modern medicine in the Republic of Macedonia. Thus, he truly deserves to be the doyen of internal medicine, one of the leading, most important persons in medicine of the 20th century in our country. Today, his honorary name appears on: Clinic of Rheumatology at the Medical Faculty in Skopje, Medical Center in Kriva Palanka, Scientific Club of the student organization of the Medical Faculty in Skopje.

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