[Expression of fatty acid synthase and its association with HER2 in invasive ductal carcinoma of breast]

Ming Yang, San-peng Xu, Qi-lin Ao
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology 2013, 42 (4): 257-61

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression of fatty acid synthase (FAS) in adenosis, atypical ductal epithelial hyperplasia, ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) and invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) of breast, and the correlation of FAS expression with HER2 gene amplification in IDC.

METHODS: Immunohistochemical EnVision method staining for FAS was performed in 100 cases of breast lesions and 10 normal breast tissues. HER2 gene amplification was detected with FISH in 60 cases of IDC.

RESULTS: The cohort included 10 cases of adenosis, 10 atypical ductal epithelial hyperplasia, 20 DCIS (8 high-grade, 9 intermediated-grade and 3 low-grade), and 60 cases of IDC (5 grade 1, 40 grade 2 and 15 grade 3). FAS expression was negative in all 10 normal breast tissues; in the 10 cases of adenosis, strongly positive FAS expression was detected in one case, positive in 2, weakly positive in 4, and negative in 3; in the 10 cases of atypical ductal epithelial hyperplasia, FAS immunohistochemistry showed that 1 was strongly positive, 4 positive, 4 weakly positive, and 1 negative; in the 20 cases of DCIS, FAS immunostaining showed that 12 were strongly positive, 5 positive, 1 weakly positive, and 2 negative; FAS expression showed a clear increasing trend from normal breast tissue, atypical ductal epithelial hyperplasia to DCIS (χ(2) = 42.02, P < 0.01). Likewise, the increasing trend was also demonstrated from adenosis to DCIS (χ(2) = 34.69, P < 0.01). There was also a positive correlation between FAS expression and extent of lesion among normal breast tissue, adenosis, atypical ductal epithelial hyperplasia and DCIS (χ(2) = 86.02, P < 0.01; r = 0.568, P < 0.01). FAS expression was not correlated with the grade of DCIS (χ(2) = 9.12, P = 0.16). In the five cases of grade 1 IDC, FAS immunostaining showed that 4 cases were strongly positive and 1 positive; in the 40 cases of grade 2 IDC, FAS immunostaining showed that 27 strongly positive, 12 positive, and 1 negative; in the 15 cases of grade 3 IDC, FAS immunostaining showed that 6 were strongly positive, 5 positive, 3 weakly positive, and 1 negative; FAS expression was stronger and more extensive in DCIS, IDC grades 1 and 2 than that in other groups. However, FAS expression was weaker in the IDC grade 3 (χ(2) = 11.26, P = 0.01). The positive expression rate of FAS in IDC was generally higher than that in benign breast lesions (χ(2) = 47.19, P < 0.01). In the 60 cases of IDC, FISH showed HER2 gene amplification in 22 cases, but not in the remaining 38 cases. FAS expression in IDC was highly correlated with HER2 gene amplification (r = 0.44, P < 0.01). The expression of FAS had significant correlation with status of ER and PR and tumor size (P < 0.05). There was no significant correlation with age, immunohistochemical HER2 expression, lymph node metastasis and clinical stage (P > 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: FAS may be closely related to the carcinogenesis of breast IDC. FAS expression is closely associated with HER2 gene amplification in IDC.

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