Penicillin-binding protein 3 of Streptococcus pneumoniae and its application in screening of β-lactams in milk

Jing Zhang, Zhanhui Wang, Kai Wen, Xiao Liang, Jianzhong Shen
Analytical Biochemistry 2013 November 15, 442 (2): 158-65
The soluble form of penicillin-binding protein 3 (sPBP3(∗)) from Streptococcus pneumoniae was expressed in Escherichia coli as a six-histidine fusion protein. The protein was purified and used to develop a microplate assay in direct competitive format for the detection of penicillins and cephalosporins in milk. The assay was based on competitive inhibition of the binding of horseradish peroxidase-labeled ampicillin (HRP-Amp) to the sPBP3(∗) by free β-lactam antibiotics in milk. Under optimized conditions, most of the β-lactam antibiotics (11 penicillins and 16 cephalosporins) could be detected at concentrations corresponding to the maximum residue limits (MRLs) set by the European Union. Analysis of spiked milk samples showed that acceptable recoveries ranged from 74.06 to 106.31% in skimmed milk and from 63.97 to 107.26% in whole milk, with coefficients of variation (CVs) less than 16%. With the high sensitivity and wide-range affinities to penicillins and cephalosporins, the developed assay based on sPBP3(∗) exhibited the potential to be a screening assay for fast detection of β-lactam antibiotics in milk.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"