N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide and its relationship with cardiac function in adults with congenital heart disease

Jannet A Eindhoven, Annemien E van den Bosch, Titia P E Ruys, Petra Opić, Judith A A E Cuypers, Jackie S McGhie, Maarten Witsenburg, Eric Boersma, Jolien W Roos-Hesselink
Journal of the American College of Cardiology 2013 September 24, 62 (13): 1203-12

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the value of N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) in adults with congenital heart disease (CHD) and investigate its relationship with ventricular function and exercise capacity.

BACKGROUND: NT-proBNP may detect early deterioration in cardiac function.

METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, extensive echocardiography, exercise testing, and NT-proBNP measurements were performed on the same day in consecutive adult patients with CHD.

RESULTS: In total, 475 patients were included in this study (mean age of 34 ± 12 years, 57% male, 90% New York Heart Association class I). The median NT-proBNP level was 15.1 pmol/l (interquartile range [IQR]: 7.1 to 31.3 pmol/l), and the NT-proBNP level was >14 pmol/l in 53% of patients. The highest NT-proBNP levels were observed in patients with Fontan circulation (36.1 pmol/l [IQR: 14.4 to 103.8 pmol/l]) and a systemic right ventricle (RV) (31.1 pmol/l [IQR: 21.8 to 56.0 pmol/l]), and the lowest values were seen in patients with aortic coarctation (7.3 pmol/l [IQR: 2.8 to 19.5 pmol/l]). NT-proBNP levels correlated with age (r = 0.39, p < 0.001) and were higher in women (median of 21.7 vs. 10.4 pmol/l; p < 0.001). In patients with aortic stenosis or aortic coarctation, NT-proBNP levels correlated with diastolic function parameters of E/E' ratio (r = 0.40, p < 0.001) and left atrial dimension (r = 0.36, p < 0.001). In patients with a systemic RV, NT-proBNP levels correlated with RV annulus diameter (r = 0.31, p = 0.024). In patients with tetralogy of Fallot, the strongest correlations were observed with left atrial dimension (r = 0.46, p < 0.001) and left ventricular ejection fraction (r = 0.37, p < 0.001). NT-proBNP levels were associated with exercise capacity (n = 198) (maximum workload: β = -0.08, p = 0.021) and peak oxygen uptake (β = -0.012, p = 0.011) in a multivariable regression model adjusted for age and sex.

CONCLUSIONS: NT-proBNP levels in adults with CHD clearly differ by diagnosis and are related to echocardiographic parameters and exercise capacity. Disease-specific correlations contribute to the understanding of the main hemodynamic problems per diagnosis. Follow-up data are needed to elucidate the additional prognostic value.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"