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Benefits of primary surgical resection for symptomatic urethral prolapse in children

Q Ballouhey, P Galinier, A Gryn, A Grimaudo, C Pienkowski, L Fourcade
Journal of Pediatric Urology 2014, 10 (1): 94-7

OBJECTIVE: Urethral prolapse (UP) is a complete eversion of the distal urethral mucosa through the external meatus. UP must be distinguished by examination from trauma, prolapsed ureterocele, tumors or sexual abuse. Its management remains controversial. The aim of the study was to promote the benefits of primary surgical management for UP.

METHODS: A retrospective multicenter review of children who received surgery for UP between 1991 and 2011 was carried out. Non-complicated UP was primarily treated conservatively. A total of 19 patients were referred for complicated UP and underwent resection of the prolapsed urethral mucosa.

RESULTS: The mean delay in diagnosis was 2.2 days (range 1-6) and the most common symptoms were vaginal spotting and bleeding. No predisposing factor was found, but most patients had a mean weight, height and BMI greater than the 50th percentile. All patients underwent surgery successfully. One patient experienced a complication, i.e., dysuria. There was no case of recurrence after a mean 28 months of follow-up.

CONCLUSION: Early detection is based on bedside examination. The first-line treatment strategy for uncomplicated UP should be conservative management. Surgical resection is safe and effective for patients with significant symptoms.

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