JOURNAL ARTICLE

Remote-controlled magnetic pulmonary vein isolation using a new three-dimensional non-fluoroscopic navigation system: a single-centre prospective study

Antoine Da Costa, Mouna Ben H'dech, Cécile Romeyer-Bouchard, Laurence Bisch, Alexis Gate-Martinet, Marie Levallois, Karl Isaaz
Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases 2013, 106 (8): 423-32
23906679

BACKGROUND: Catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF) focuses on pulmonary vein isolation (PVI), but the procedure is associated with significant X-ray exposure. Few data exist concerning the combination of remote magnetic navigation (RMN) and a new three-dimensional non-fluoroscopic navigation system (Carto(®) 3), which facilitates precise catheter navigation and limits X-ray exposure.

AIMS: To assess the efficacy and extent of fluoroscopic exposure associated with the combination of RMN and the Carto 3 system in patients requiring AF ablation.

METHODS: Between January and September 2011, catheter ablation was performed remotely using the Carto 3 system in 81 consecutive patients who underwent PVI for symptomatic drug-refractory AF. The radiofrequency generator was set to a fixed power ≤ 35W. The primary endpoint was wide-area circumferential PVI confirmed by spiral catheter recording during ablation and including additional lesion lines (left atrial roof and coronary sinus defragmentation) or complex fractionated atrial electrograms for persistent AF. Secondary endpoints included procedural data, complications and freedom from atrial tachycardia (AT)/AF.

RESULTS: Mean age was 60 ± 9 years; 20% were women; 73% had symptomatic paroxysmal AF; 27% had persistent AF. The CHA2DS2-VASc score was 1.2 ± 1. Median procedure time was 3.5 ± 1 hours; median total X-ray exposure time was 13 ± 7 minutes; transseptal puncture and catheter positioning took 8 ± 4 minutes, left atrium electroanatomical reconstruction 1 ± 4 minutes and catheter ablation 3.5 ± 5minutes. Recurrences were AT (n=3; 3.7%), paroxysmal AF (n=8; 9.9%) and persistent AF (n=4; 4.9%); redo ablation was performed in these 15 (19%) patients. After a median follow-up of 15 ± 6 months and a single procedure, 71% of patients were free of symptoms; 84% remained asymptomatic after two procedures.

CONCLUSIONS: RMN with irrigated catheters combined with the Carto 3 system can be effectively performed in patients requiring AF ablation with minimal use of fluoroscopy, but larger randomized studies are warranted.

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