JOURNAL ARTICLE

Dysregulated renin-angiotensin system contributes to acute lung injury caused by hind-limb ischemia-reperfusion in mice

Li-Nan Chen, Xiu-Hong Yang, Daniel H Nissen, Yan-Yan Chen, Li-Jun Wang, Jian-Hui Wang, Jun-Ling Gao, Lian-Yuan Zhang
Shock 2013, 40 (5): 420-9
23903854
The mechanism of acute lung injury (ALI) following limb ischemia-reperfusion (LIR) is not yet clear. We speculate that the unbalanced expression of angiotensin-converting enzymes (ACE and ACE2) and angiotensins [Ang II and Ang-(1-7)] in the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is a major cause of ALI. To prove this hypothesis, pathological changes, lung edema, and permeability of wild-type mice at different time points within 12 h of reperfusion after 2 h of hind-limb ischemia were first detected by morphological method, measurements of wet-to-dry weight ratio, and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. Meanwhile, the changes of lung ACE/ACE2 mRNA and protein expression were surveyed by the methods of real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, Western blotting, and immunohistochemistry. Angiotensin II/Ang-(1-7) levels in the blood serum and lung tissue were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Then the effects of ACE2 gene insertion and deletion on the previously mentioned parameters were investigated in the mice being exposed to hind-limb 2-h ischemia and 4-h reperfusion. The results revealed that lung injuries in the wild-type mice were gradually aggravated, and the expression of ACE in lung tissue was progressively increased, whereas that of ACE2 decreased within 12 h after LIR. Unexpectedly, both Ang II and Ang-(1-7) in the lung tissue were obviously increased after LIR, showing Ang-(1-7) higher than Ang II in the early stage of reperfusion but lower than Ang II at the late stage of reperfusion. Unlike local Ang II/Ang-(1-7) changes, circulating Ang-(1-7) became greatly descending, and Ang II was markedly ascending from the start of reperfusion, corresponding to local ACE/ACE2 unbalanced expression. ACE2 transgenosis improved the imbalance of ACE/ACE2 and Ang II/Ang-(1-7) expression and alleviated lung injuries, whereas ACE2 knockout further aggravated the imbalance of ACE/ACE2 and Ang II/Ang-(1-7) expression and made lung injuries more serious in the post-LIR mice. The results indicate that the dysregulation of local and circulating RAS with increased expression of ACE/Ang II and decreased expression of ACE2/Ang-(1-7) contribute to ALI caused by LIR in mice. Maintaining RAS homeostasis through upregulating ACE2 expression may lessen lung injury, which provides a new idea for the treatment of posttraumatic ALI.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
23903854
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"