Interleukin 17A rs4711998 A>G polymorphism was associated with a decreased risk of esophageal cancer in a Chinese population

J Yin, L Wang, Y Shi, A Shao, W Tang, X Wang, G Ding, C Liu, S Chen, H Gu
Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus 2014, 27 (1): 87-92
Esophageal cancer is the eighth most common cancer and sixth leading cause of cancer-associated death worldwide. Besides environmental risk factors, genetic factors might play an important role in the esophageal cancer carcinogenesis. We conducted a hospital-based case-control study to evaluate the genetic effects of functional single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the interleukin 17A (IL17A) gene on the development of esophageal cancer. A total of 380 esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) cases and 380 controls were recruited for this study. The genotypes were determined using a custom-by-design 48-Plex SNPscan Kit. IL17A rs4711998 A>G polymorphism was associated with the decreased risk of ESCC. When the IL17A rs4711998 AA homozygote genotype was used as the reference group, the AG genotype was associated with a significantly decreased risk for ESCC (AG vs. AA: adjusted odds ratio 0.72, 95% confidential interval 0.53-0.98, P = 0.039). However, there was no significant association between the other five SNPs and ESCC risk. Stratified analyses indicated that a significantly decreased risk of ESCC associated with the IL17A rs4711998 A>G polymorphism was evident among younger patients and patients who never smoking or drinking. These findings indicated that functional polymorphism IL17A rs4711998 A>G might contribute to ESCC susceptibility. However, our results were obtained with a limited sample size; the power of our analysis was low. Future larger studies with more rigorous study designs of other ethnic populations are required to confirm current findings.

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