JOURNAL ARTICLE
RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL
RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
REVIEW
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Paraneoplastic neuropathies.

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review describes relevant advances in paraneoplastic neuropathies with emphasis on particular syndromes and the impact of new therapies.

RECENT FINDINGS: Sensory neuronopathy may present with symptoms that do not raise the suspicion of a paraneoplastic origin. A recent study on sensory neuronopathies of different causes identified paraneoplastic cases in a group of older (>60 years) male patients with subacute onset early pain, and frequent involvement of the arms. Paraneoplastic sensorimotor polyneuropathies may be confused with chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) and in lymphomas with direct infiltration of nerves (neurolymphomatosis). Recent neurophysiological studies indicate that the polyneuropathy of POEMS syndrome (polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, M component, and skin changes) can be differentiated from CIDP by the presence of diffuse demyelination and more severe axonal loss. Neuropathy in Waldenström macroglobulinemia is heterogeneous. Up to 38% have demyelinating features and the rest show axonal degeneration due to different causes (dysimmune, amyloidosis, or tumoral infiltration). Isolated case reports suggest that the combination of cyclophosphamide and rituximab may be effective in paraneoplastic neuronopathies. Lenalidomide and dexamethasone are effective to control the neuropathy of POEMS patients who are not suitable for or progress after autologous stem cell transplantation.

SUMMARY: Clinical and neurophysiological studies are helpful to correctly identify particular paraneoplastic neuropathies.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app