Benzopyran derivative CDRI-85/287 induces G2-M arrest in estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer cells via modulation of estrogen receptors α- and β-mediated signaling, in parallel to EGFR signaling and suppresses the growth of tumor xenograft

Ruchi Saxena, Iram Fatima, Vishal Chandra, Chellakkan S Blesson, Geetika Kharkwal, Mohammad K Hussain, Kanchan Hajela, Bal G Roy, Anila Dwivedi
Steroids 2013, 78 (11): 1071-86
In an endeavor to develop novel and improved selective estrogen receptor modulators as anti-breast cancer agents, the benzopyran compounds have been synthesized and identified which act as potent anti-estrogen at uterine level. The present study evaluates the anti-tumor activity of 2-[piperidinoethoxyphenyl]-3-phenyl-2H-benzo(b)pyran (CDRI-85/287) and explores the mechanism of action with a view to describe its potential to inhibit proliferation in ER-positive breast cancer cells MCF-7 and T47D. The compound decreased the expression of ERα while increased the expression of ERβ thereby altering ERα/ERβ ratio in both cell lines. Although the compound showed low binding affinity to ERs, it acted as ERα antagonist and ERβ agonist in decreasing ERE- or AP-1-mediated transcriptional activation in these cells. Transactivation studies in ERα/β-transfected MDA-MB231 cells suggested that at cyclin D1 promoter, compound antagonized the action of ERα-mediated E2 response while acted as estrogen agonist via ERβ. Further, the compound led to decreased expression of ERα-dependent proliferation markers and ERβ-dependent cell cycle progression markers. The expression of cell cycle inhibitory protein p21 was increased leading to G2/M phase arrest. In parallel, compound also interfered with EGFR activation, caused inhibition of PI-3-K/Akt pathway and subsequent induction of apoptosis via intrinsic pathway. A significant reduction in tumor mass and volume was observed in 85/287-treated mice bearing MCF-7 xenograft. We conclude that compound 85/287 exhibits significant anti-tumor activity via modulation of genomic as well as non-genomic mechanisms involved in cellular growth and arrested the cells in G2 phase in both MCF-7 and T47D breast cancer cells. Study suggests that CDRI-85/287 may have therapeutic potential in ER-positive breast cancer.

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