[The relationship between assessment of family relationships and depression in girls with various types of eating disorders]

Maciej Wojciech Pilecki, Barbara Józefik, Kinga Sałapa
Psychiatria Polska 2013, 47 (3): 385-95

AIM: The aim of the study was to assess the relationship between depressive symptoms and girls' assessment of their family relations in a group of (female) patients with a diagnosis of various subtypes of eating disorders in comparison with (female) patients with a diagnosis of depressive disorders (episode of major depression, dysthymia, adjustment reaction with depressive mood) and female students in Krakow, Poland schools.

METHOD: Data from 54 (female) patients with a diagnosis of restrictive anorexia (ANR), 22 with a diagnosis of binge-purge anorexia (ANB), 36 with a diagnosis of bulimia (BUL), 36 with a diagnosis of depressive disorders (DEP) and a 85 (female) Krakow school students (CON) were used in the statistical analyses. There were no significant differences between age of the girls in studied groups. In analyses, results of the Polish version of the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and also the Family Assessment Questionnaire (KOR) were used.

RESULTS: In the CON group, correlations attesting to a link between depressiveness and a negative assessment of the family were observed on all scales of the questionnaire with the exception of the Values and Norms scale. In the DEP group, such a dependence was ascertained on scales: Completing Tasks, Communication, Emotionality, Control, Defence, Positive Statements. In the case of the ANR group, no statistically significant relationship between results of the questionnaires was noted. In group ANB, correlations attesting to a link between depressiveness and a negative picture of the family were ascertained on scales: Communication and Defence. The same dependence was ascertained in the BUL group on scales: Completing Tasks, Emotionality, Emotional involvement, Control, General result, Negative Statements.

CONCLUSIONS: An increase in depressiveness is linked in a significant way with a worsening assessment of the family relations amongst girls with a diagnosis of bulimia, depressive disorders and students.

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