JOURNAL ARTICLE

[Efficacy and safety of pemetrexed or gemcitabine combined with carboplatin as the first-line therapy in elderly patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer]

Xun Shi, Xin-Min Yu, Yi-Ping Zhang, Jun Zhao
Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology] 2013, 35 (3): 221-4
23880005

OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical efficacy and safety of pemetrexed or gemcitabine combined with carboplatin as the first-line therapy in elderly patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

METHODS: Seventy patients aged 70 years or over with stage IIIb-IV NSCLC were equally and randomly divided into pemetrexed plus cisplatin group (PC) and gemcitabine plus carboplatin group (GC). Patients in the PC group received pemetrexed (PEM) 500 mg/m(2) on day 1, and carboplatin (CBP) AUC5 on day 1 for 21-day cycle. Patients in the GC group received gemcitabine 1000 mg/m(2) on days 1 and 8, CBP AUC5 on day 1 for a 21-day cycle.

RESULTS: In the PC and GC groups, CR 0 and 0, PR 10 and 8, response rates 28.6% and 22.9% were observed, respectively. There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups (χ(2) = 0.299, P = 0.584). The 1-year and 2-year survival rates of the PC and GC groups were 48.6% vs. 45.7% and 11.4% vs. 11.4%, respectively, with a median survival of 11.00 and 10.00 months, without a statistically significant difference between the two groups (χ(2) = 0.01, P = 0.919). Regarding toxicities, the incidences of neutropenia/thrombocytopenia, nausea and vomiting (grade III ∼ IV) in the GC group were significantly higher than those in the PC group (P < 0.05). According to the observer scale of lung cancer symptoms, the post-treatment scores improved in both the two groups, and with no significant difference between them (P > 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: PC and GC show similar efficacy for elderly NSCLC patients, however, the toxicities in PC patients are lower than those in GC patients. Thus, pemetrexed combined with carboplatin is an effective chemotherapeutic regimen for advanced NSCLC in elderly patients.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
23880005
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"