A submaximal test for the assessment of knee extensor endurance capacity

Cornelis J De Ruiter, Max I P Mallee, Lara E C Leloup, Arnold De Haan
Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 2014, 46 (2): 398-406

PURPOSE: We aimed to develop an undemanding test for endurance capacity of the knee extensor muscles, which can also be applied to frail participants. We hypothesized 1) that the first objective indications for peripheral fatigue during incremental unilateral repetitive isometric knee extensor contractions could be used to assess a fatigue threshold (FT), 2) that torque at FT would depend on training status, and 3) that this torque could easily be sustained for 30 min.

METHODS: Five trained and five untrained participants performed 5-min bouts of 60 repetitive contractions (3-s on and 2-s off). Torque, set at 25% maximal voluntary contraction (MVC), was increased by 5% MVC in subsequent bouts. The highest torque for which rectified surface EMG remained stable during the bout was defined as the FT. On separate occasions, 30-min bouts were performed at and above the FT to assess sustainable torque. Changes in gas exchange parameters, HR, and RPE were monitored to corroborate FT.

RESULTS: At FT (RPE = 5.7 ± 1.7), torque was higher (P < 0.05) in trained (41.4% ± 5.8% MVC) than in untrained participants (30.5% ± 1.8% MVC). Sustainable torque was ∼4% higher than (P < 0.05) and significantly related to FT (r(2) = 0.79). When torque was increased by 5% MVC, significant increases in rectified surface EMG and V˙O2 were found.

CONCLUSIONS: During incremental knee extensor contractions, FT could be assessed at a submaximal exercise intensity. FT was higher in trained than in untrained participants and was related to exercise sustainability. With the use of FT, changes in endurance capacity of single muscle groups can potentially also be determined in frail participants for whom exercise performed until exhaustion is unwarranted.

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