The long-term outcomes of transcoronary ablation of septal hypertrophy compared to surgical myectomy in patients with symptomatic hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy

Himabindu Samardhi, Darren L Walters, Christopher Raffel, Shruti Rateesh, Catherine Harley, Darryl Burstow, Peter Pohlner, Con Aroney
Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions 2014, 83 (2): 270-7

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the long-term outcomes of transcoronary ablation of septal hypertrophy (TASH) with open surgical myomectomy (SM) in patients with symptomatic hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM).

METHODS: We reviewed patients who underwent either procedure at our institution. The demographics, clinical outcomes, echocardiographic parameters, and complications were compared.

RESULTS: Seventy patients with HOCM were treated with either TASH (n = 47, 26 male) or SM (n = 23, 10 male). Compared to those treated with SM, patients undergoing TASH were older (57+/- 14.7 years versus 47 +/- 20.6 years, P = 0.021) and more symptomatic. A higher proportion of patients had syncope as a presenting feature in the TASH group compared to the SM group (57.5% vs. 17.4%, P = 0.002) respectively. They were also more likely to be in New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III/IV compared to the patients who underwent SM (85.1% vs. 39.1%; P < 0.001). Patients were followed for a mean period of 43 months (TASH) and 46 months (SM). Repeat procedures were more common in the TASH group (17% vs. 0%, P = 0.04) but mitral valve replacement was more common in the SM group (0% vs. 8.7%, P = 0.105). Symptom improvement, the rate of complications and all cause mortality rates were similar in both groups.

CONCLUSIONS: TASH compares favorably with surgical myectomy with regard to symptom resolution, rate of complications and mortality in a tertiary referral centre and should be seen as an attractive alternative to surgical myectomy in the appropriate patient population.

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