Risk factor analysis of locoregional recurrence after sublobar resection in patients with clinical stage IA non-small cell lung cancer

Terumoto Koike, Teruaki Koike, Katsuo Yoshiya, Masanori Tsuchida, Shin-ichi Toyabe
Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 2013, 146 (2): 372-8

OBJECTIVE: Although lobectomy is the standard surgical procedure for operable non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), sublobar resection also has been undertaken for various reasons. The aim of this study was to identify risk factors of locoregional recurrence and poor disease-specific survival in patients with clinical stage IA NSCLC undergoing sublobar resection.

METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 328 patients with clinical stage IA NSCLC who underwent segmentectomy or wedge resection. Demographic, clinical, and pathologic factors were analyzed using the log-rank test as univariate analyses, and all factors were entered into a Cox proportional hazards regression model for multivariate analyses to identify independent predictors of locoregional recurrence and poor disease-specific survival.

RESULTS: The 5- and 10-year locoregional recurrence-free probabilities were 84.8% and 83.6%, respectively, and the 5- and 10-year disease-specific survivals were 83.6% and 73.6%, respectively. Four independent predictors of locoregional recurrence were identified: wedge resection (hazard ratio [HR], 5.787), microscopic positive surgical margin (HR, 3.888), visceral pleural invasion (HR, 2.272), and lymphatic permeation (HR, 3.824). Independent predictors of poor disease-specific survival were identified as follows: smoking status (Brinkman Index; HR, 1.001), wedge resection (HR, 3.183), microscopic positive surgical margin (HR, 3.211), visceral pleural invasion (HR, 2.553), and lymphatic permeation (HR, 3.223). All 4 predictors of locoregional recurrence also were identified as independent predictors of poor disease-specific survival.

CONCLUSIONS: Segmentectomy should be the surgical procedure of first choice in patients with clinical stage IA NSCLC who are being considered for sublobar resection. Patients having tumors presenting with no suspicious of pleural involvement would be suitable candidates for sublobar resection.

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