Correlation of the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) with the standardized uptake value (SUV) in hybrid 18F-FDG PET/MRI in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) lesions: initial results

P Heusch, C Buchbender, J Köhler, F Nensa, K Beiderwellen, H Kühl, R S Lanzman, H J Wittsack, B Gomez, T Gauler, M Schuler, M Forsting, A Bockisch, G Antoch, T A Heusner
RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin 2013, 185 (11): 1056-62

PURPOSE: To compare the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) in non-small cell lung cancer lesions with standardized uptake values (SUV) derived from combined 18F-fluoro-deoxy-glucose-positron emission tomography/magnetic resonance imaging (FDG-PET/MRI) and those derived from FDG-PET/CT.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 18 consecutive patients with histologically proven NSCLC (17 men, 1 woman; mean age, 61 ± 12 years), whole-body FDG-PET/MRI was performed after whole-body FDG-PET/CT. Regions of interest (ROI) encompassing the entire primary tumor were drawn into FDG-PET/CT and FDG-PET/MR images to determine the maximum and mean standardized uptake value (SUVmax; SUVmean) and into ADC parameter maps to assess mean ADC values. Pearson's correlation coefficients were calculated to compare SUV and ADC values.

RESULTS: The SUVmax of NSCLC was 12.3 ± 4.8 [mean ±SD], and the SUVmean was 7.2 ± 2.8 as assessed by FDG-PET/MRI. The SUVmax and SUVmean derived from FDG-PET/CT and FDG-PET/MRI correlated well (R = 0.93; p < 0.001 and R = 0.92; p < 0.001, respectively). The ADCmean of the pulmonary tumors was 187.9 ± 88.8 × 10-5 mm²/s [mean ± SD]. The ADCmean exhibited a significant inverse correlation with the SUVmax (R = -0.72; p < 0.001) as well as with the SUVmean assessed by FDG-PET/MRI (R = -0.71; p < 0.001).

CONCLUSION: This simultaneous PET/MRI study corroborates the assumed significant inverse correlation between increased metabolic activity on FDG-PET and restricted diffusion on DWI in NSCLC.Citation Format:

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