A new rhodamine B-based lysosomal pH fluorescent indicator

Hong-Shui Lv, Shu-Ya Huang, Bao-Xiang Zhao, Jun-Ying Miao
Analytica Chimica Acta 2013 July 25, 788: 177-82
We designed and synthesized a new pH fluorescent probe, RCE, based on structural changes of rhodamine dye at different pH values. The probe exhibits high selectivity, high sensitivity and quick response to acidic pH, as well as low cytotoxicity, excellent photostability, reversibility and cell membrane permeability. Fluorescence intensity at 584 nm was increased more than 150-fold within pH range 7.51-3.53. This probe has pKa value 4.71, which is valuable for studying acidic organelles. Because of its long absorption and emission wavelengths, RCE can avoid associated cell damage. The probe can selectively stain lysosomes and monitor lysosomal pH changes in living cells.

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