Treatment of Cheyne-Stokes respiration reduces arrhythmic events in chronic heart failure

Thomas Bitter, Klaus-Jürgen Gutleben, Georg Nölker, Nina Westerheide, Christian Prinz, Zisis Dimitriadis, Dieter Horstkotte, Jürgen Vogt, Olaf Oldenburg
Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology 2013, 24 (10): 1132-40

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate whether adequate treatment of Cheyne-Stokes respiration (CSR) reduces the risk of arrhythmic events in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF).

METHODS: A cohort of 403 registry patients with CHF (LVEF≤45%, NYHA-class≥2) and implanted cardioverter-defibrillator devices (ICD) was studied. They underwent overnight polygraphy, with 221 having mild or no CSR (apnea-hypopnea index [AHI]<15/h), and 182 having moderate to severe CSR (AHI>15/h). Latter ones were offered therapy with adaptive servoventilation (ASV), which 96 patients accepted and 86 rejected. During follow-up (21± 15 months) defibrillator therapies were recorded in addition to clinical and physiologic measures of heart failure severity.

RESULTS: Event-free survival from (a) appropriate cardioverter-defibrillator therapies and (b) appropriately monitored ventricular arrhythmias was shorter in the untreated CSR group compared to the treated CSR and the no CSR group. Stepwise Cox proportional hazard regression analysis showed untreated CSR (a: hazard ratio [HR] 1.99, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.46-2.72, P < 0.001; b: HR 2.19, 95%CI 1.42-3.37, P < 0.001), but not treated CSR (a: HR 1.06, 95%CI 0.74-1.50; P = 0.77; b: HR 1.21, 95%CI 0.75-1.93, P = 0.43) was an independent risk factor. The treated CSR group showed improvements in cardiac function and respiratory stability compared to the untreated CSR group.

CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates a decrease of appropriate defibrillator therapies by ASV treated CSR in patients with CHF and ICD. A reduced exposure to hyperventilation, hypoxia, and improvement in indices of CHF severity and neurohumoral disarrangements are potential causative mechanisms.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"