Cerebral microbleeds on T2*-weighted images and hemorrhagic transformation after antithrombotic therapies for ischemic stroke

Wakoh Takahashi, Yusuke Moriya, Atsushi Mizuma, Tsuyoshi Uesugi, Yoichi Ohnuki, Shunya Takizawa
Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association 2013, 22 (8): e528-32
To assess the predictive value of cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) on gradient-echo T2*-weighted magnetic resonance imaging for hemorrhagic transformation (HT) after antithrombotic therapy for an acute ischemic stroke, we prospectively examined the relationship between CMBs on T2*-weighted images before the start of therapy and the appearance of HT in a series of patients treated with antithrombotic therapies. The subjects were consecutive acute ischemic stroke patients admitted to Tokai University Hospital (187 subjects, mean age±SD: 74±11 years). The prevalence of CMBs was not significantly different between the subjects with and without HT on computed tomography (CT) (19% versus 36%, P=.081). In both the subgroup of patients treated with anticoagulants and the subgroup treated with antiplatelets, the prevalence of HT was not significantly different between the subjects with and without CMBs (anticoagulants, 9% versus 21%, P=.161; antiplatelets, 0% versus 9%, P=.542). The odds ratios (ORs) of increasing the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score (1.14, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.04-1.26, P=.005) and decreasing the Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score on diffusion-weighted images (ASPECTS-DWI) (1.32, 95% CI: 1.10-1.59, P=.003) were significantly increased for the appearance of HT, but the OR of CMBs (.35, 95% CI: .09-1.41, P=.140) was not significantly increased for the appearance of HT. In conclusion, the severity of neurological deficits and the ASPECTS-DWI are closely correlated to the development of HT related to anticoagulants/antiplatelets but not to CMBs on T2*-weighted images.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"