COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Changes in soft tissue dimensions following three different techniques of stage-two surgery: a case series report

Jochen Tunkel, Luca de Stavola, Fouad Khoury
International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry 2013, 33 (4): 411-8
23820699
The aim of this case series report is to compare the results of the increase in keratinized mucosa using three different techniques of stage-two surgery. Thirty-two patients with one to eight dental implants who received prosthetic rehabilitation of the maxilla were included. Patients were divided into three groups based on preoperative anatomical considerations. Stage-two surgery was performed using either the apically repositioned flap (ARF; n = 14), the roll flap (RF; n = 10), or an apically repositioned flap combined with a connective tissue graft (ARFCT; n = 8). The height of the keratinized mucosa and relative tissue thickness were measured preoperatively and postoperatively at 2 weeks and 3, 6, and 12 months after surgery. The mean gains of keratinized mucosa and tissue thickness were calculated from these measurements. After 1 year, the mean gains in tissue thickness and keratinized tissue were 1.37 and 4.63 mm in the ARF group, 2.41 and 1.35 mm in the RF group, and 3.10 and 4.10 mm in the ARFCT group, respectively. There was no significant statistical difference between the 12-month and postoperative measurements (P > .05). In patients with deficient tissue thickness, a roll flap or an apically repositioned flap should be performed, while a lack of keratinized mucosa indicates the use of an apically repositioned flap with or without a connective tissue graft. When an increase in both keratinized mucosa and tissue thickness is necessary, an apically repositioned flap combined with a free connective tissue graft can be recommended. After a 12-month healing period, the obtained results showed excellent stability.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
23820699
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"