JOURNAL ARTICLE

Selective adsorption of Pb(II), Cd(II), and Ni(II) ions from aqueous solution using chitosan-MAA nanoparticles

Aghdas Heidari, Habibollah Younesi, Zahra Mehraban, Harri Heikkinen
International Journal of Biological Macromolecules 2013, 61: 251-63
23817093
Chitosan-MAA nanoparticles (CS-MAA) with an average size of 10-70 nm were prepared by polymerizing chitosan with methacrylic acid in aqueous solution. The physicochemical properties of nanoparticles were investigated using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), dynamic light scattering (DLS) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). The adsorption of Pb(II), Cd(II) and Ni(II) from aqueous solution on CS-MAA was studied in a batch system. The effects of the solution pH, initial metal concentration, contact time, and dosage of the adsorbent on the adsorption process were examined. The experimental data were analyzed using the pseudo-second-order kinetic equations and the Langmuir, Freundlich and Redlish-Peterson isotherms. The maximum adsorption capacity was 11.30, 1.84, and 0.87 mg/g for Pb(II), Cd(II) and Ni(II) ions, respectively, obtained by the Langmuir isotherm. However, the adsorption isotherm was better explained by the Freundlich rather than by the Langmuir model, as the high correlation coefficients (R(2)>0.99) were obtained at a higher confidence level.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
23817093
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"