JOURNAL ARTICLE
MULTICENTER STUDY

Adrenomedullin refines mortality prediction by the BODE index in COPD: the "BODE-A" index

Daiana Stolz, Kostantinos Kostikas, Francesco Blasi, Wim Boersma, Branislava Milenkovic, Alicia Lacoma, Renaud Louis, Joachim G Aerts, Tobias Welte, Antoni Torres, Gernot G U Rohde, Lucas Boeck, Janko Rakic, Andreas Scherr, Sabine Hertel, Sven Giersdorf, Michael Tamm
European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology 2014, 43 (2): 397-408
23794469
The BODE (body mass index, airflow obstruction, dyspnoea, exercise capacity) index is well-validated for mortality prediction in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Concentrations of plasma pro-adrenomedullin, a surrogate for mature adrenomedullin, independently predicted 2-year mortality among inpatients with COPD exacerbation. We compared accuracy of initial pro-adrenomedullin level, BODE and BODE components, alone or combined, in predicting 1-year or 2-year all-cause mortality in a multicentre, multinational observational cohort with stable, moderate to very severe COPD. Pro-adrenomedullin was significantly associated (p<0.001) with 1-year mortality (4.7%) and 2-year mortality (7.8%) and comparably predictive to BODE regarding both (C statistics 0.691 versus 0.745 and 0.635 versus 0.679, respectively). Relative to using BODE alone, adding pro-adrenomedullin significantly improved 1-year and 2-year mortality prognostication (C statistics 0.750 and 0.818, respectively; both p<0.001). Pro-adrenomedullin plus BOD was more predictive than the original BODE including 6-min walk distance. In multivariable analysis, pro-adrenomedullin (likelihood ratio Chi-squared 13.0, p<0.001), body mass index (8.5, p=0.004) and 6-min walk distance (7.5, p=0.006) independently foretold 2-year survival, but modified Medical Research Council dyspnoea score (2.2, p=0.14) and forced expiratory volume in 1 s % predicted (0.3, p=0.60) did not. Pro-adrenomedullin plus BODE better predicts mortality in COPD patients than does BODE alone; pro-adrenomedullin may substitute for 6-min walk distance in BODE when 6-min walk testing is unavailable.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
23794469
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"