COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Patients treated with platinum-doublet chemotherapy for advanced non—small-cell lung cancer have inferior outcomes if previously treated with platinum-based chemoradiation

Ashvin Paramanathan, Benjamin Solomon, Marnie Collins, Michael Franco, Sarah Kofoed, Heather Francis, David Ball, Linda Mileshkin
Clinical Lung Cancer 2013, 14 (5): 508-12
23792009

INTRODUCTION: The standard of care for locoregionally advanced non-small-cell lung cancer is concurrent platinum-based chemoradiation. Many patients relapse, and subsequent systemic treatment may involve platinum-doublet chemotherapy. It is not known if prior platinum-based chemoradiation influences the response to platinum-based chemotherapy given subsequently for relapse. Therefore, we compared outcomes in these patients with those in patients without prior treatment.

METHODS: A retrospective study of patients who had been treated with carboplatin and gemcitabine chemotherapy for de novo metastatic disease or recurrent non--small-cell lung cancer after receiving platinum-based chemoradiation. The primary outcome was progression-free survival (PFS).

RESULTS: A total of 104 patients were analyzed. The median age was 63 years (range, 35-81 years), with 63 (61%) patients with newly diagnosed disease and with 41 (39%) who were previously treated. The response rate was significantly lower for those previously exposed to chemoradiation (10% vs. 29%: P = .001), as was the median PFS (3.6 months vs. 5.7 months; P = .002), and median overall survival (OS) (8.6 months vs. 12.1 months; P = .007). Only the treatment group was a significant predictor (P = .032) of PFS by univariate analysis. In univariate analysis; sex (men; P = .04), histology (squamous cell; P = .04), Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status Scale (P = .002), and treatment group (P = .023) predicted significantly inferior OS. Multivariate analysis showed that performance status was the only significant predictor of inferior OS.

CONCLUSION: Outcomes were inferior in patients previously exposed to platinum-based chemoradiation. An approach of stratifying such patients in future trials of chemotherapy should be adopted. Alternative options such as non--platinum-based agents or targeted therapies should be considered in this group.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
23792009
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"