Assessment of changes following en-masse retraction with mini-implants anchorage compared to two-step retraction with conventional anchorage in patients with class II division 1 malocclusion: a randomized controlled trial

Salma Al-Sibaie, Mohammad Y Hajeer
European Journal of Orthodontics 2014, 36 (3): 275-83

BACKGROUND: No randomized controlled trial has tried to compare treatment outcomes between the sliding en-masse retraction of upper anterior teeth supported by mini-implants and the two-step sliding retraction technique employing conventional anchorage devices.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate skeletal, dental, and soft tissue changes following anterior teeth retraction.

DESIGN AND SETTING: Parallel-groups randomized controlled trial on patients with class II division 1 malocclusion treated at the University of Al-Baath Dental School in Hamah, Syria between July 2011 and May 2013.

PARTICIPANTS: One hundred and thirty-three patients with an upper dentoalveolar protrusion were evaluated and 80 patients fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Randomization was performed using computer-generated tables; allocation was concealed using sequentially numbered opaque and sealed envelopes. Fifty-six participants were analysed (mean age 22.34 ± 4.56 years). They were randomly distributed into two groups with 28 patients in each group (1:1 allocation ratio).

INTERVENTION: Following first premolar extraction, space closure was accomplished using either the en-masse technique with mini-implants or the two-step technique with transpalatal arches (TPAs).

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: The antero-posterior displacements of upper incisal edges and upper first molars were measured on lateral cephalograms at three assessment times. Assessor blinding was employed.

RESULTS: A bodily retraction (-4.42 mm; P < 0.001) with a slight intrusion (-1.53 mm; P < 0.001) of the upper anterior teeth was achieved in the mini-implants group, whereas upper anterior teeth retraction was achieved by controlled palatal tipping in the TPA group.

CONCLUSIONS: When retracting anterior teeth in patients with moderate to severe protrusion, the en-masse retraction based on mini-implants anchorage gave superior results compared to the two-step retraction based on conventional anchorage in terms of speed, dental changes, anchorage loss, and aesthetic outcomes.

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