Early prospective clinical results of a modern fixed-bearing total ankle arthroplasty

Karl M Schweitzer, Samuel B Adams, Nicholas A Viens, Robin M Queen, Mark E Easley, James K Deorio, James A Nunley
Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume 2013 June 5, 95 (11): 1002-11

BACKGROUND: Several fixed-bearing total ankle arthroplasty systems are available in the United States. We report on the early clinical results of the largest known cohort of patients in the United States who received a Salto Talaris total ankle replacement for the treatment of end-stage arthritis of the ankle.

METHODS: We prospectively followed sixty-seven patients with a minimum clinical follow-up of two years. Patients completed standardized assessments and underwent physical examination, functional assessment, and radiographic evaluation preoperatively and at six weeks, three months, and six months postoperatively and yearly thereafter through their most recent follow-up.

RESULTS: Implant survival at a mean follow-up time of 2.8 years was 96% when metallic component revision, removal, or impending failure was used as the end point. Three patients developed aseptic loosening, and all instances involved the tibial component. One of the three patients underwent revision to another fixed-bearing total ankle arthroplasty system, one patient is awaiting revision surgery, and the third patient has remained minimally symptomatic and fully functional without additional surgery. Forty-five patients underwent at least one additional procedure at the time of the index surgery. The most common concurrent procedure performed was a deltoid ligament release (n = 21). Eight patients underwent additional surgery following the index arthroplasty, most commonly debridement for medial and/or lateral impingement (n = 4). As of the most recent follow-up, patients demonstrated significant improvement in pain scores, American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society hindfoot score, and functional scores.

CONCLUSIONS: Early clinical results indicate that the Salto Talaris fixed-bearing total ankle arthroplasty system can provide significant improvement in pain, quality of life, and standard functional measures in patients with end-stage ankle arthritis.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic Level IV. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"