Hemoglobin A1c in early postpartum screening of women with gestational diabetes

Mahesh V Katreddy, Joseph M Pappachan, Sarah E Taylor, Alan M Nevill, Radha Indusekhar, Ananth U Nayak
World Journal of Diabetes 2013 June 15, 4 (3): 76-81

AIM: To assess the utility of hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) in the early postpartum screening of women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).

METHODS: Over a 3 years period, HbA1c estimations were undertaken in addition to and simultaneously with the traditional oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), in 203 women with GDM as a part of early postpartum screening for dysglycaemia, at 6 wk post-partum. World Health Organization criteria was used for diagnosing diabetes: fasting blood glucose (FBG) ≥ 7.0 mmol/L and/or 2-h postprandial blood glucose (PPBG) ≥ 11.1 mmol/L and/or HbA1c ≥ 48 mmol/mol; and impaired glycaemiastate: impaired fasting glucose 6.1-6.9 mmol/L and/or impaired glucose tolerance 7.8-11.0 mmol/L and/or HbA1c: 42-47 mmol/mol.

RESULTS: Mean FBG, 2-h PPBG and HbA1c were 4.9 ± 0.7 mmol/L, 5.6 ± 2.0 mmol/L and 38 ± 5 mmol/mol respectively. FBG, 2-h PPBG and HbA1c detected 6 (3%), 7 (3.5%) and 11 (5.4%) cases of diabetes respectively, and 11 (5.4%), 25 (12.3%) and 23 (11.3%) cases of pre-diabetes state respectively. HbA1c values ≥ 48 mmol/mol (≥ 6.5%) showed a diagnostic sensitivity of 71.4% and specificity of 98.5% for diabetes in comparison to OGTT in receiver operating characteristics curve analysis. At HbA1c cut-off 44 mmol/mol, sensitivity and specificity were 100% and 92.3% respectively [area under the curve: 0.98 (95%CI: 0.96-1.00)]. Sensitivity and specificity for detecting high risk "impaired glycaemia" state [HbA1c 42 mmol/mol (6.0%)] were 28% and 80%, respectively.

CONCLUSION: HbA1c level ≥ 48 mmol/mol (≥ 6.5%) has reasonable sensitivity and high specificity in comparison to OGTT for early postpartum screening of diabetes in GDM. At 6(th) week postpartum screening, if FBG is normal and HbA1c < 44 mmol/mol OGTT is not recommended.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"