Vascular endothelial growth factor regulates primate choroid-retinal endothelial cell proliferation and tube formation through PI3K/Akt and MEK/ERK dependent signaling

Jing Jin, Fei Yuan, Min-qian Shen, Yi-fan Feng, Qi-liu He
Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 2013, 381 (1-2): 267-72
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a hypoxia-induced angiogenic protein that exhibits a broad range of biological and pathological effects in wet age-related macular degeneration and proliferative diabetic retinopathy. However, its specific mechanism is still not fully understood. Here, we examined the effects of VEGF on choroid-retinal endothelial cells (RF/6A) proliferation and tube formation, and the underlying signal pathways responsible in this process. RF/6A cells were pretreated with MEK inhibitor or PI3K inhibitor, and then incubated in a hypoxia chamber. Real-time PCR and Western blot analysis were carried out to explore VEGF expression on mRNA and protein levels. Hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) and VEGFR2 expression levels were also investigated in the presence and absence of hypoxic conditions. CCK-8 analysis and tube formation assay were tested under hypoxia, exogenous recombinant VEGF, and different signal pathway inhibitors, respectively. Mean while, the PI3K/Akt and MEK/ERK pathways in this process were also investigated. Our results showed that VEGF, HIF-1α, VEGFR2, p-ERK, and p-Akt were up-regulated in RF/6A cells under hypoxic conditions. MEK inhibitor (PD98059) and PI3K inhibitor (LY294002) decreased ERK and Akt activity, respectively, and reduced VEGF expression. VEGF-induced RF/6A proliferation and tube formation requires MEK/ERK and PI3K/Akt signaling, and both of the two pathways were needed in regulating VEGF expression. These suggest that VEGF plays an important role in RF/6A proliferation and tube formation, and MEK/ERK and PI3K/Akt pathway may be responsible for this process.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"