Inhibition of geranylgeranyltransferase attenuates neutrophil accumulation and tissue injury in severe acute pancreatitis

Mohammed Merza, Erik Wetterholm, Su Zhang, Sara Regner, Henrik Thorlacius
Journal of Leukocyte Biology 2013, 94 (3): 493-502
Leukocyte infiltration and acinar cell necrosis are hallmarks of severe AP, but the signaling pathways regulating inflammation and organ injury in the pancreas remain elusive. In the present study, we investigated the role of geranylgeranyltransferase in AP. Male C57BL/6 mice were treated with a geranylgeranyltransferase inhibitor GGTI-2133 (20 mg/kg) prior to induction of pancreatitis by infusion of taurocholate into the pancreatic duct. Pretreatment with GGTI-2133 reduced plasma amylase levels, pancreatic neutrophil recruitment, hemorrhage, and edema formation in taurocholate-evoked pancreatitis. Moreover, administration of GGTI-2133 decreased the taurocholate-induced increase of MPO activity in the pancreas and lung. Treatment with GGTI-2133 markedly reduced levels of CXCL2 in the pancreas and IL-6 in the plasma in response to taurocholate challenge. Notably, geranylgeranyltransferase inhibition abolished neutrophil expression of Mac-1 in mice with pancreatitis. Finally, inhibition of geranylgeranyltransferase had no direct effect on secretagogue-induced activation of trypsinogen in pancreatic acinar cells in vitro. A significant role of geranylgeranyltransferase was confirmed in an alternate model of AP induced by L-arginine challenge. Our findings show that geranylgeranyltransferase regulates neutrophil accumulation and tissue damage via expression of Mac-1 on neutrophils and CXCL2 formation in AP. Thus, these results reveal new signaling mechanisms in pancreatitis and indicate that targeting geranylgeranyltransferase might be an effective way to ameliorate severe AP.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"