In vitro activities of isavuconazole and comparator antifungal agents tested against a global collection of opportunistic yeasts and molds

Michael A Pfaller, Shawn A Messer, Paul R Rhomberg, Ronald N Jones, Mariana Castanheira
Journal of Clinical Microbiology 2013, 51 (8): 2608-16
Isavuconazole is a new broad-spectrum triazole with a favorable pharmacokinetic and safety profile. We report the MIC distributions for isavuconazole and 111 isolates of Candida (42 Candida albicans, 25 Candida glabrata, 22 Candida parapsilosis, 14 Candida tropicalis, and 8 Candida krusei isolates), as determined by Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) and European Committee on Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing (EUCAST) broth microdilution (BMD) methods. Also, the relative activities of isavuconazole, itraconazole, fluconazole, posaconazole, voriconazole, and the three echinocandins were assessed against a recent (2011) global collection of 1,358 isolates of Candida spp., 101 of Aspergillus spp., 54 of non-Candida yeasts, and 21 of non-Aspergillus molds using CLSI BMD methods. The overall essential agreement (EA) (±2 log2 dilutions) between the CLSI and EUCAST methods was 99.1% (EA at ±1 log2 dilution, 90.1% [range, 80.0 to 100.0%]). The activities of isavuconazole against the larger collection of Candida spp. and Aspergillus spp. were comparable to those of posaconazole and voriconazole; the MIC90 values for isavuconazole, posaconazole, and voriconazole against Candida spp. were 0.5, 1, and 0.25 μg/ml and against Aspergillus spp. were 2, 1, and 1 μg/ml, respectively. Isavuconazole showed good activities against Cryptococcus neoformans (MIC90, 0.12 μg/ml) and other non-Candida yeasts (MIC90, 1 μg/ml) but was less potent against non-Aspergillus molds (MIC90, >8 μg/ml). Isavuconazole MIC values for three mucormycete isolates were 4, 1, and 2 μg/ml, whereas all three were inhibited by 1 μg/ml posaconazole. Isavuconazole demonstrates broad-spectrum activity against this global collection of opportunistic fungi, and the CLSI and EUCAST methods can be used to test this agent against Candida, with highly comparable results.

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