Biweekly docetaxel, fluorouracil, leucovorin, oxaliplatin (TEF) as first-line treatment for advanced gastric cancer and adenocarcinoma of the gastroesophageal junction: safety and efficacy in a multicenter cohort

Simon Pernot, Emmanuel Mitry, Emmanuelle Samalin, Laetitia Dahan, Cécile Dalban, Marc Ychou, Jean-François Seitz, Hajer Turki, Thibault Mazard, Aziz Zaanan, Céline Lepère, Jean-Nicolas Vaillant, Bruno Landi, Philippe Rougier, Julien Taieb
Gastric Cancer 2014, 17 (2): 341-7

BACKGROUND: Docetaxel-cisplatin-5-FU chemotherapy is superior to 5-FU-cisplatin in terms of response rate and survival in advanced gastric cancer (AGC), but is more toxic. Oxaliplatin is better tolerated than cisplatin, which it can effectively replace in this setting. We hypothesize that incorporating docetaxel into a simplified FOLFOX regimen should be a tolerable and effective option in first-line treatment of AGC.

METHODS: Data were collected at six French centers from patients with metastatic or local AGC who received docetaxel, fluorouracil, leucovorin, or oxaliplatin (TEF) as first-line treatment. TEF was administered as follows: docetaxel (50 mg/m(2)), oxaliplatin (85 mg/m(2)), and leucovorin (40 mg/m(2)) on day 1, and 5-FU continuous infusion for 48 h (2400 mg/m(2)) every 2 weeks.

RESULTS: Forty-one patients were enrolled. Performance status was grade 0 and 1 in respectively 27 and 58 % of patients; 17 patients had adenocarcinoma of the gastroesophageal junction; 37 patients had metastatic disease, 22 had a poorly differentiated or diffuse type. Objective response rate was 66 %, with a complete response in two patients (5 %). Median progression-free survival and overall survival were respectively 6.3 and 12.1 months. Tolerability was acceptable with no treatment-related deaths. The most frequent grade 3-4 toxicities were neutropenia (30 %) and neuropathy (12.5 %). Curative intent surgery after response to TEF was performed in seven patients (17 %).

CONCLUSION: TEF is an effective first-line treatment with an acceptable toxicity profile for patients with AGC. It may allow curative resection in initially unresectable patients. TEF should now be evaluated in prospective randomized trials.

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