In vivo lipid core plaque modification with percutaneous coronary revascularization: a near-infrared spectroscopy study

Aneel Maini, Larisa Buyantseva, Brijeshwar Maini
Journal of Invasive Cardiology 2013, 25 (6): 293-5

BACKGROUND: Coronary revascularization is associated with no-reflow phenomenon and elevation of cardiac biomarkers. This may occur due to plaque modification. We used near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) to evaluate lipid core plaque (LCP) modification with coronary revascularization and its correlation with periprocedural myocardial infarction.

METHODS: Patients presenting to the cardiac catheterization laboratory who underwent NIRS, NIRS/intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) were reviewed and their lipid core burden index (LCBI) was assessed. Using fuzzy c-means clustering algorithm, the coronary was divided into three zones and the lipid burden was recalculated. Its correlation to postprocedure troponin elevation and outcomes with a mean follow-up of 42 months were studied.

RESULTS: A total of 77 coronaries were evaluated. There was an overall decrease in the LCBI after percutaneous revascularization (P<.0001). Using fuzzy c-means clustering algorithm, there was always a decrease in the lipid burden at the site of the percutaneous revascularization (P<.0001). Postprocedure troponin elevation was only noted in patients with an axial shifting of the LCP. There was no difference in long-term outcomes due to the degree of reduction of lipid burden or its axial.

CONCLUSIONS: Plaque modification may be performed successfully using interventional methods and can be evaluated with NIRS. Axial plaque shifting is an acute prognostic marker for postprocedure myocardial infarction.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"