Regulation of tumor necrosis factor-α-induced microvascular endothelial cell hyperpermeability by recombinant B-cell lymphoma-extra large

Devendra A Sawant, Binu Tharakan, Rickesha L Wilson, Hayden W Stagg, Felicia A Hunter, Ed W Childs
Journal of Surgical Research 2013, 184 (1): 628-37

BACKGROUND: Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), a cytotoxic cytokine, induces endothelial cell barrier dysfunction and microvascular hyperpermeability, leading to tissue edema, a hallmark of traumatic injuries. The objective of the present study was to determine whether B-cell lymphoma-extra large (Bcl-xL), an antiapoptotic protein, would regulate and protect against TNF-α-mediated endothelial cell barrier dysfunction and microvascular hyperpermeability.

METHODS: Rat lung microvascular endothelial cells were grown as monolayers on Transwell membranes, and fluorescein isothiocyanate-bovine albumin flux (5 mg/mL) across the monolayer was measured fluorometrically to indicate changes in monolayer permeability. The rat lung microvascular endothelial cell adherens junctional integrity and actin cytoskeleton was studied using β-catenin immunofluorescence and rhodamine phalloidin dye, respectively. Pretreatment of caspase-8 inhibitor (Z-IETD-FMK, 100 μM) for 1 hour and transfection of Bcl-2-homology domain 3-interacting domain death agonist small interfering RNA (10 μM) for 48 hours were performed to study their respective effects on TNF-α-induced (10 ng/mL; 1-hour treatment) monolayer permeability. Recombinant Bcl-xL protein (2.5 μg/ml) was transfected in rat lung microvascular endothelial cells for 1 hour, and its effect on permeability was demonstrated using a permeability assay. Caspase-3 activity was assayed fluorometrically.

RESULTS: Z-IETD-FMK pretreatment protected the adherens junctions and decreased TNF-α-induced monolayer hyperpermeability. Bcl-2-homology domain 3-interacting domain death agonist small interfering RNA transfection attenuated the TNF-α-induced increase in monolayer permeability. Recombinant Bcl-xL protein showed protection against TNF-α-induced actin stress fiber formation, an increase in caspase-3 activity, and monolayer hyperpermeability.

CONCLUSIONS: Our results have demonstrated the protective effects of recombinant Bcl-xL protein against TNF-α-induced endothelial cell adherens junction damage and microvascular endothelial cell hyperpermeability. These findings support the potential for Bcl-xL-based drug development against microvascular hyperpermeability and tissue edema.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"