Clinical performance evaluation of a novel rapid response chemiluminescent immunoassay for the detection of autoantibodies to extractable nuclear antigens

Chelsea Bentow, Andreas Swart, Jason Wu, Andrea Seaman, Mariangela Manfredi, Maria Infantino, Maurizio Benucci, Gabriella Lakos, Michael Mahler
Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry 2013 September 23, 424: 141-7

BACKGROUND: We analyzed the performance of a novel ENA screening chemiluminescent immunoassay (CIA) and the confirmation QUANTA Flash tests.

METHODS: Sera (n=1079) from patients referred to a rheumatology clinic were screened by QUANTA Flash ENA7 (INOVA Diagnostics). All positive (n=89) and a matched control group (n=90) were reflexed for autoantibodies to the individual antigens. Moreover, sera from patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE, n=252), systemic sclerosis (SSc, n=64), polymyositis/dermatomyositis (PM/DM, n=72), Sjögren's syndrome (SjS, n=39) as well as disease controls (n=605) were tested by ENA7 CIA and by Quanta Lite ENA6 ELISA (INOVA).

RESULTS: 89/1079 (8.3%) samples were ENA7 CIA positive with the following reactivity profile: RNP (36.0%), Sm (13.5%), Scl-70 (9.0%), Jo-1 (0.0%), Ro60 (44.9%), Ro52 (39.3%) and SS-B (24.7%). In the negative group, the reactivity profile was: RNP (1.1%), Sm (1.1%), Scl-70 (2.2%) and 0.0% for Jo-1, Ro60, Ro52 and SS-B. The positive/negative/total agreements (ENA7 CIA vs. confirmation assays) were 95.3%/91.5%/93.3%. The sensitivity of the ENA7 CIA was 62.3% in SLE, 54.7% in SSc, 92.3% in SjS, 50.0% in PM/DM, and 61.8% in the total systemic autoimmune rheumatic disease (SARD) population (specificity 95.0%).

CONCLUSION: The QUANTA Flash ENA7 CIA is a reliable screening test.

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