Interleukin 1B rs16944 G>A polymorphism was associated with a decreased risk of esophageal cancer in a Chinese population

Liang Zheng, Jun Yin, Liming Wang, Xu Wang, Yijun Shi, Aizhong Shao, Weifeng Tang, Guowen Ding, Chao Liu, Suocheng Chen, Haiyong Gu
Clinical Biochemistry 2013, 46 (15): 1469-73

OBJECTIVE: Esophageal cancer is the sixth leading cause of cancer-associated deaths worldwide and represents a particularly aggressive type of cancer. Genetic polymorphisms may partly explain individual differences in esophageal cancer susceptibility.

DESIGNS AND METHODS: We conducted a hospital-based case-control study to evaluate the genetic effects of functional single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the interleukin 1 (IL1A and IL1B), IL1f7, IL3 and IL7Ra genes on the development of esophageal cancer. A total of 380 esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) cases and 380 controls were recruited for this study. The genotypes were determined using a custom-by-design 48-Plex SNPscan™ Kit.

RESULTS: When the IL1B rs16944 GG homozygote genotype was used as the reference group, the GA genotype was associated with a significantly decreased risk of ESCC (GA vs. GG: adjusted OR=0.69, 95% CI=0.49-0.99, p=0.041). However, there were no significant associations between the other five SNPs and ESCC risk. Stratified analyses indicated no significantly different risks of ESCC associated with the IL1B rs16944 G>A polymorphism according to sex, age, smoking status or alcohol consumption. IL3 rs2073506 G>A polymorphism was associated with an increased risk for ESCC higher tumor, nodal, and metastatic (TNM) stages.

CONCLUSIONS: These findings indicated that the functional IL1B rs16944 G>A polymorphism might contribute to ESCC susceptibility. IL3 rs2073506 G>A polymorphism was associated with an increased risk for ESCC higher TNM stages. However, the results were based on a limited sample size and larger well-designed studies are warranted to confirm these initial findings.

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