JOURNAL ARTICLE

Genetic determinants of high on-treatment platelet reactivity in clopidogrel treated Chinese patients

Lanning Zhang, Yanming Chen, Ying Jin, Fei Qu, Jiayue Li, Cong Ma, Jie Yang, Bin Xu, Hongjuan Wang, Xiaoqi Li, Yang Li, Yuxiao Zhang, Caiyi Lu, Tong Yin
Thrombosis Research 2013, 132 (1): 81-7
23726091

INTRODUCTION: Cytochrome P450 (CYP), ATP-binding cassette transporters (ABCB1), and paraoxonase-1 (PON1) play crucial roles in clopidogel absorption and bioactivation. Genetic polymorphisms in these genes have been associated with the variability of the response to clopidogrel, however their contribution to high on-treatment platelet reactivity (HPR) in clopidogrel treated Chinese patients is less known.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five-hundred Chinese-Han patients treated with clopidogrel for acute coronary syndrome (ACS) were consecutively recruited from the Department of Geriatric Cardiology, General Hospital of Chinese People's Liberation Army, from September 2010 to September 2012. We assessed the relations of CYP2C19*2 (rs4244285), CYP2C19*3 (rs4986893), CYP2C19*17 (rs12248560), PON1Q129R (rs662) and ABCB1C3435T (rs1045642) to the platelet aggregation after 5 days maintenance dose of clopidogrel administration, and the risk for HPR. The cutoff of HPR was defined as 20 μmol/L adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-induced platelet aggregation>50%.

RESULTS: Both CYP2C19*2 and *3 alleles were significantly associated with higher platelet aggregation after 5 days maintenance dose of clopidogrel administration (P<0.00001 and P=0.042, respectively). The platelet aggregation in carriers of at least one CYP2C19 loss-of-function allele (*2 or *3, accounted for 58% of the study population) was obviously higher than that in non-carriers (P<0.00001). Patients with the CYP2C19*2 allele had a higher risk of HPR than those with the CYP2C19 wild-type genotype [adjusted hazard ratio (HR), 1.56; 95% confidence interval(CI), 1.04-2.33, P=0.03]. The carriers of at least one CYP2C19 loss-of-function allele could also predict significantly greater risk of HPR compared with non-carriers (adjusted HR1.79,95% CI: 1.33-2.4,P=0.003). However, the carriage of CYP2C19*3 alone could not predict the risk of HPR significantly (adjusted HR, 1.5; 95% CI: 0.83-3, P=0.16). Significant relation of CYP2C19*17, PON1Q129R and ABCB1C3435T to the platelet aggregation was not found.

CONCLUSION: In clopidogrel treated Chinese patients with ACS, carriers of at least one CYP2C19 loss-of-function allele could predict greater risk of HPR, with the impact mainly attributing to CYP2C19*2. Neither ABCB1 nor PON1 genotype could influence the antiplatelet response of clopidogrel in the cohort of Chinese patients.

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