Triple antiplatelet therapy with addition of cilostazol to aspirin and clopidogrel for Y-stent-assisted coil embolization of cerebral aneurysms

Kenichi Kono, Aki Shintani, Ryo Yoshimura, Hideo Okada, Yuko Tanaka, Takeshi Fujimoto, Nagatsuki Tomura, Tomoaki Terada
Acta Neurochirurgica 2013, 155 (8): 1549-57

BACKGROUND: Dual antiplatelet therapy for stent-assisted coiling of cerebral aneurysms is essential to prevent thromboembolic complications. There is concern that Y-stent-assisted coiling may increase thromboembolic complications compared with coiling with a single stent. Several reports have demonstrated that cilostazol may improve clopidogrel responsiveness. We investigated whether triple antiplatelet therapy with addition of cilostazol to aspirin plus clopidogrel for Y-stents can prevent thromboembolic events.

METHODS: Between July 2010 and October 2012, we treated 40 consecutive aneurysms with coil embolization using Enterprise stents. At the peri-procedural period, dual antiplatelet agents (100 mg aspirin and 75 mg clopidogrel) were used for the single stent group (n = 36), and triple antiplatelet agents (addition of 200 mg cilostazol) were used for the Y-stent group (n = 4). We evaluated post-operative diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and any complications. We assessed the following for statistical analysis: age, sex, aneurysm location, shape, and size, neck size, size of parent vessels, and stent length.

RESULTS: We found two neurological peri-procedural complications: one transient ischemic attack and one infarction. Both complications belonged to the Y-stent group, which was a significant factor of thromboembolic events (P = 0.008). There were no other significant factors related to neurological complications or positive DWI. For subgroup analysis of the single stent group, stent length was significantly longer in positive DWI than negative DWI (P = 0.04). In the follow-up period of 20 ± 8.6 months, there were no symptomatic late complications in any patients.

CONCLUSIONS: Although the number of patients in the Y-stent group is small, this group had a significantly higher risk of thromboembolic complications. While our protocol of a routine dose of dual antiplatelet therapy may be sufficient for single stent therapy, our protocol of a routine dose of triple antiplatelet therapy for Y-stents may not prevent thromboembolic events. This suggests that evaluation of platelet function may be essential, especially for Y-stents.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"