Effect of spontaneous and mechanical breathing on dynamic lung mechanics in hyaline membrane disease

M C Mammel, J B Fisher, D R Bing, C W Gatto, S J Boros
Pediatric Pulmonology 1990, 8 (4): 222-5
We measured then compared the dynamic lung mechanics of spontaneous breaths and mechanical breaths in 9 mechanically ventilated neonates with hyaline membrane disease. All were receiving intermittent mandatory ventilation. All breathed spontaneously between ventilator breaths. Tidal volume, transpulmonary pressure, dynamic lung compliance, airways resistance, and peak inspiratory and peak expiratory gas flows were determined for both the mechanical and the spontaneous breaths. The mechanical breaths consistently had larger tidal volumes, higher transpulmonary pressures, higher airway resistance, and lower lung compliance values (P less than 0.05). Peak inspiratory and expiratory gas flows were also higher (P less than 0.01) during mechanical breathing. The spontaneous breaths generated by patients and the mechanical breaths generated by mechanical ventilators are different. The lung mechanics measurements of these two different types of breathing should be collected, analyzed, and reported separately.


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