Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

PLIN2, the major perilipin regulated during sebocyte differentiation, controls sebaceous lipid accumulation in vitro and sebaceous gland size in vivo.

BACKGROUND: Lipid synthesis and storage are accomplished by lipid droplets (LDs). The perilipin family of LD-associated proteins, comprising 5 members (PLIN1-PLIN5), has been well characterized in adipocytes but not in sebocytes, epithelial cells in which LD formation is a key feature of the cellular differentiation.

METHODS: Perilipin expression in the sebaceous gland cell line SZ95 and in human sebaceous glands was studied by qRT-PCR, Western blots, and immunohistochemistry. Lipid accumulation was evaluated by Nile red staining and mass spectrometry.

RESULTS: PLIN2 and PLIN3 are the most abundant perilipins in undifferentiated sebocytes. Induction of lipogenesis by linoleic acid (LA) resulted in increased transcript levels of all perilipins except for PLIN3 and in a time-dependent increase of PLIN2 protein. Nile red staining revealed that siRNA-mediated downregulation of PLIN2 significantly impaired basal and LA-induced lipid accumulation. Mass spectrometry revealed PLIN2 deficiency to cause a reduction in the amount of several specific lipid fractions, including di- and triacyl-glycerol esters, phosphatidylcholine lipids, and ceramides in sebocytes under basal conditions. In contrast, PLIN2 downregulation exerted a statistically significant inhibitory effect only on the accumulation of specific LA-induced triglycerides. PLIN2-deficient mice showed normal morphology of sebaceous glands. However, their sebaceous glands were significantly reduced in size and showed less cell proliferation.

CONCLUSIONS: PLIN2 is the major perilipin regulated during sebocyte differentiation in vitro. PLIN2 is also important for sebaceous lipid accumulation in vitro and regulates sebaceous gland size in vivo.

GENERAL SIGNIFICANCE: Our study provides the first systematic analysis of LD-associated proteins in sebocytes.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app