Sexual function, satisfaction with life and menopausal symptoms in middle-aged women

Lía Ornat, Rebeca Martínez-Dearth, Ana Muñoz, Pilar Franco, Benita Alonso, Mauricio Tajada, Faustino R Pérez-López
Maturitas 2013, 75 (3): 261-9

PURPOSE: To assess sexual function, satisfaction with life (SWL), and menopause-related symptoms among mid-aged Spanish women.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 260 women, aged 40-59, attending the public gynecology consultations completed the 14-item Changes in Sexual Functioning Questionnaire (CSFQ-14), the SWL Scale (SWLS), the Menopause Rating Scale (MRS), and a socio-demographic questionnaire.

RESULTS: Median [inter quartile range] age was 47 [8.0] years, 87.7% had a stable partner, 27.0% were postmenopausal, and 53.9% had increased body mass index (BMI). The prevalence of sexual dysfunction was 46.5% (CSFQ-14 score≤41). Postmenopausal status was associated with lower CSFQ-14 scores (worse sexual function) and severe menopausal symptoms whereas there were not significant differences in SWLS scores. CSFQ-14 scores correlated with SWLS (p<0.04), and inversely correlated with menopausal symptoms (p<0.02). Multiple linear regression analysis model predicted 26.6% of the total CSFQ-14 score variance, and higher scores (better sexual function) were correlated with better SWL, and inversely correlated to female age and worse menopausal symptoms. A second model predicted 38.4% of the SWLS score variance. The SWLS score correlated with the total CSFQ-14 score and BMI, and inversely correlated with economical problems, female tobacco use, lack of healthiness, menopausal symptoms, not having a partner, and partner's lack of healthiness.

CONCLUSIONS: Lower sexual function was related to low SWL, age and menopausal symptoms while low SWLS score was related with economical problems, smoking, menopausal symptoms, and partner factors.

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