JOURNAL ARTICLE

Responsiveness of stroke volume variation and central venous pressure during acute normovolemic and hypervolemic hemodilution

Fu-Hai Ji, Wen-Jing Li, Jiang Li, Ke Peng, Jian-Ping Yang, Hong Liu
Chinese Medical Journal 2013, 126 (10): 1838-43
23673096

BACKGROUND: Stroke volume variation (SVV) is a robust indicator of fluid responsiveness during volume change. We compared the sensibility of SVV by Vigileo/Flotrac to central venous pressure (CVP) when volume changes in patients undergoing intraoperative acute normovolemic hemodilution (ANH) and acute hypervolemic hemodilution (AHH).

METHODS: Forty patients were randomly divided into an ANH group (n = 20) and an AHH group (n = 20). All patients received general anesthesia and were mechanically ventilated. Data were collected from 7 different time-points in the ANH group: baseline, after withdrawal of 5%, 10%, and 15% of the estimated blood volume (EBV) and after replacement with an equal volume of 6% hydroxyethyl starch 130/0.4 (HES) in 5% EBV increments to baseline. There were four time points in the AHH group: baseline, after 5%, 10%, and 15% expansion of the EBV with 6% HES. At each time-point, CVP, SVV and other hemodynamic parameters measurements were obtained.

RESULTS: After removal of 10% and 15% EBV, SVV significantly increased from 10.9 ± 3.0 to 14.1 ± 3.4 and 10.9 ± 3.0 to 16.0 ± 3.3 (P < 0.01), and returned to a final value of 10.6 ± 3.4 after volume replacement. The CVP value was unchanged after removal and replacement of 15% of the EBV. There were no significant changes in SVV after 5%, 10% whereas there was a significant reduction after 15% (8.2 ± 1.7) expansion of the EBV compared with baseline (9.9 ± 1.8) (P = 0.033). However, there was a significant increase in CVP after 10% (10.3 ± 2.4), 15% (11.3 ± 2.2) expansion of the EBV compared with baseline (8.2 ± 2.7) (P < 0.01).

CONCLUSION: SVV is a more sensitive parameter for volume than CVP during hypovolemia, on the contrary CVP is more sensitive than SVV during hypervolemia.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
23673096
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"