[Experimental study on adipose-derived stem cells transfected by bone morphogenetic protein 14 co-culture with chondrocytes]

Hong Yuan, Jieyuan Zhang, Rongming Zhang
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery 2013, 27 (3): 353-7

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the synergistic effect of bone morphogenetic protein 14 (BMP-14) and chondrocytes co-culture on chondrogenesis of adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) so as to optimize the source of seed cells for cartilage tissue engineering.

METHODS: ADSCs and chondrocytes were isolated and cultured respectively from articular cartilage and subcutaneous fat of 2 male New Zealand white rabbits (weighing, 1.5 kg and 2.0 kg). The cells at passage 3 were harvested for experiment. ADSCs were identified by osteogenic induction (alizarin red staining), chondrogenic induction (alcian blue staining), and adipogenic induction (oil red O staining). The optimum multiplicity of infection (MOI) of transfection of adenovirus-cytomegalovirus (CMV)-BMP-14-internal ribosome entry site (IRES)-human renilla reniformis green fluorescent protein 1 (hrGFP-1) was determined and then ADSCs were transfected by the optimum MOI. The experiment was divided into 5 groups: group A, co-culture of ADSCs transfected by BMP-14 and chondrocytes (1:1 in Transwell chambers); group B, co-culture of ADSCs and chondrocytes (1:1 in Transwell chambers); group C, culture of ADSCs transfected by BMP-14; group D, simple chondrocytes culture; and group E, simple ADSCs culture. After 3 weeks, the glycosaminoglycan (GAG) content was detected by alcian blue staining; the expressions of collagen type II and BMP-14 protein were detected by Western blot; expression of Sox-9 gene was detected by RT-PCR.

RESULTS: The cultured cells were proved to be ADSCs by identification. Inverted fluorescence microscope showed optimum transfection effect when MOI was 150. GAG content, expressions of collagen type II and BMP-14 protein, expression of Sox-9 gene were significantly higher in groups A and C than in the other 3 groups, in group A than in group C (P < 0.05), and groups B and D were significantly higher than group E (P < 0.05), but no significant difference was found between groups B and D (P > 0.05).

CONCLUSION: It can promote differentiation of ADSCs into chondrocytes by BMP-14 co-culture with chondrocytes, and they have a synergistic effect.

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