CASE REPORTS
JOURNAL ARTICLE
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Use of corticosteroids in the treatment of cholesterol crystal embolism after cardiac catheterization: a report of four Japanese cases.

Cholesterol crystal embolism (CCE) is a serious complication associated with invasive vascular procedures. The prognosis of the renal involvement type of CCE is very poor, and there is currently no established treatment, other than supportive therapy. We herein report four cases of CCE with severe atherosclerosis wherein the renal function progressively deteriorated after cardiac catheterization. In three of the four patients, low-dose corticosteroids (0.3 mg/kg/day) improved the renal function, whereas the fourth patient died from CCE of the digestive system. This report reviews the literature on CCE and discusses possible therapeutic options.

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