Epithelial-mesenchymal transition-related microRNA-200s regulate molecular targets and pathways in renal cell carcinoma

Hirofumi Yoshino, Hideki Enokida, Toshihiko Itesako, Shuichi Tatarano, Takashi Kinoshita, Miki Fuse, Satoko Kojima, Masayuki Nakagawa, Naohiko Seki
Journal of Human Genetics 2013, 58 (8): 508-16
Our recent studies of microRNA (miRNA) expression signatures demonstrated that the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-related microRNA-200 family (miR-200s: miR-200a/b/c, miR-141 and miR-429) were significantly downregulated in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and putative tumor-suppressive miRNAs in RCC. In this study, our aim was to investigate the functional significance of the miR-200s in cancer cells and to identify novel miR-200s-regulated molecular targets and pathways in RCC. Expression levels of all the miR-200s members were significantly downregulated in human RCC tissues compared with normal renal tissues. Restoration of mature miR-200s in RCC cell line resulted in significant inhibition of cell proliferation and migration, suggesting that miR-200s function as tumor suppressors in RCC. Furthermore, we utilized gene expression analysis and in silico database analysis to identify miR-200s-regulated molecular targets and pathways in RCC. The miR-200s was categorized into two groups, according to their seed sequences, miR-200b/c/429 and miR-200a/141. Our data demonstrated that the 'Focal adhesion' and 'ErbB signaling' pathways were significantly regulated by miR-200b/c/429 and miR-200a/141, respectively. The identification of novel tumor-suppressive miR-200s-regulated molecular targets and pathways has provided new insights into RCC oncogenesis and metastasis.

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