JOURNAL ARTICLE

p300-mediated histone acetylation is essential for the regulation of GATA4 and MEF2C by BMP2 in H9c2 cells

Min Zheng, Jing Zhu, Tiewei Lu, Lingjuan Liu, Huichao Sun, Zhenguo Liu, Jie Tian
Cardiovascular Toxicology 2013, 13 (4): 316-22
23632743
Histone acetylase (HAT) p300 plays an important role in the regulation of cardiac gene expression. During cardiac development, bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-2 induces the expression of cardiac transcription factors. However, the underlying molecular mechanism(s) is not clear. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that p300-mediated histone acetylation was essential for the regulation of cardiac transcription factors by BMP2. Cultured rat H9c2 embryonic cardiac myocytes (H9c2 cells) were transfected with recombinant adenoviruses expressing human BMP2 (AdBMP2) with or without curcumin, a specific p300-HAT inhibitor. Quantitative real-time RT-PCR analysis showed that curcumin substantially inhibited both AdBMP2-induced and basal expression levels of cardiac transcription factors GATA4 and MEF2C, but not Tbx5. Similarly, chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) analysis showed that curcumin inhibited both AdBMP2-induced and basal histone H3 acetylation levels in the promoter regions of GATA4 and MEF2C, but not of Tbx5. In addition, curcumin selectively suppressed AdBMP2-induced expression of HAT p300, but not HAT GCN5 in H9c2 cells. The data indicated that inhibition of histone H3 acetylation with curcumin diminished BMP2-induced expression of GATA4 and MEF2C, suggesting that p300-mediated histone acetylation was essential for the regulation of GATA4 and MEF2C by BMP2 in H9c2 cells.

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