Right ventricular regional systolic function and dyssynchrony in patients with pulmonary hypertension evaluated by three-dimensional echocardiography

Dehong Kong, Xianhong Shu, Lili Dong, Cuizhen Pan, Leilei Cheng, Haohua Yao, Daxin Zhou
Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography 2013, 26 (6): 649-56

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate right ventricular (RV) regional systolic function and dyssynchrony in patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH) using real-time three-dimensional echocardiography.

METHODS: Real-time three-dimensional echocardiographic images were acquired to obtain RV regional (inflow, body, and outflow) ejection fraction (EF) and time to minimum systolic volume in 70 patients with PH and 26 normal controls. Pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) and pulmonary vascular resistance measured by echocardiography in all subjects and by right heart catheterization in 17 patients were recorded.

RESULTS: Inflow EF and global EF were significantly lower in patients with PH than in controls (P < .05). Body EF was significantly decreased in patients with moderate (PASP, 50-69 mm Hg) and severe (PASP ≥ 70 mm Hg) PH (P < .05). Outflow EF was significantly lowered in patients with severe PH (P < .001). The standard deviation of regional time to minimum systolic volume corrected by heart rate was significantly prolonged in patients with severe PH (P < .05). Inflow EF and global EF were negatively correlated with PASP (r = -0.731 and r = -0.769, respectively, P < .001) and with pulmonary vascular resistance (r = -0.789 and r = -0.801, P < .001).

CONCLUSIONS: In patients with PH, RV inflow and global systolic function was impaired in inverse relationship with PASP and pulmonary vascular resistance. RV systolic synchronicity was impaired in patients with severe PH. Evaluation of RV regional systolic function using real-time three-dimensional echocardiography may play a potential role in the noninvasive assessment of the severity of PH.

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