The role of α-defensin-1 and related signal transduction mechanisms in the production of IL-6, IL-8 and MMPs in rheumatoid fibroblast-like synoviocytes

Joong Kyong Ahn, Bo Huang, Eun-Kyung Bae, Eun-Jung Park, Ji-Won Hwang, Jaejoon Lee, Eun-Mi Koh, Hoon-Suk Cha
Rheumatology 2013, 52 (8): 1368-76

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of α-defensin-1 on the expression of IL-6, IL-8 and MMPs as well as the signal transduction mechanisms responsible for their expression in RA fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS).

METHODS: The concentrations of α-defensin-1 in SF were measured by ELISA. In RA FLS, mRNA expression of IL-6, IL-8 and MMPs and activation of signalling molecules were examined by real-time PCR, western blotting and electrophoretic mobility shift assay.

RESULTS: Concentrations of SF α-defensin-1 were significantly increased in RA patients compared with OA patients. The levels of mRNA expression of IL-6, IL-8, MMP-1 and MMP-3 were significantly increased in RA FLS treated with α-defensin-1 compared with controls. Furthermore, α-defensin-1 activated JNK and ERK in RA FLS, respectively. Treatment of RA FLS with ERK or JNK inhibitors prior to α-defensin-1 treatment resulted in reduced expression of IL-6, IL-8, MMP-1, and MMP-3 compared with controls. Remarkably, treatment of RA FLS with an ERK inhibitor prior to α-defensin-1 stimulation significantly reduced production of IL-6 and MMP-1 by approximately 71% and 98% compared with controls, respectively. The JNK inhibitor significantly suppressed α-defensin-1-induced MMP-1 production by approximately 73% compared with controls. Finally, there was a significant induction of NF-κB DNA binding activity in response to α-defensin-1.

CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that α-defensin-1 may play a role in RA pathogenesis by regulating the production of MMPs as well as IL-6 and IL-8. These processes were dependent on the regulation of the JNK and/or ERK and NF-κB pathways.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"