Journal Article
Multicenter Study
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Laparoscopic treatment of perforated duodenal ulcer -- a multicenter study.

Chirurgia 2013 March
AIM: The aim of this study is to evaluate the results of the laparoscopic treatment of perforated duodenal ulcer performed in 6 Romanian surgical centres with experience in the field of laparoscopic surgery.

MATERIAL AND METHOD: Between 1996 and 2005, 186 patients with perforated duodenal ulcer were operated on in the centers participating in this retrospective study, all patients being ASA I-II. Thirty-nine patients (20.0%) presented mild peritonitis, 120 (64.5%) medium peritonitis and 27 (15.5%) severe (20.0%) simple suture was performed, in 110 (59.1%) suture with epiplonoplasty, for 1 (0.5%) only epiplonoplasty and 1 (0.5%) underwent excision of the perforation and suture.

RESULTS: The operative time was between 30-120 minutes, with an average of 75 minutes. No death was noted. Average hospitalization time was 6 days, with periods varying between 3 and 18 days. Postoperative complications included: 5 patients (2,6%) presented infections of the abdominal walls, 1 patient (0.5%) duodenal fistula, 1 patient (0.5%) intra-abdominal abscess, 1 patient (0.5%) a superior digestive hemorrhage by "mirrored ulcer" and 1 patient (0.5%) duodenal stenosis 6 months after operation. The patients were administered 50% less analgesics, used 70% less dressings, 30% less antibiotics and had 60% less complications in comparison with those operated by the classical approach.

CONCLUSION: The laparoscopic approach of perforated duodenal ulcer constitutes the first choice for patients without important co-morbidities, allowing a quick recovery and a significant reduction in the consumption of analgesics, antibiotics and dressing materials.

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