Identifying MicroRNA and mRNA expression profiles in embryonic stem cells derived from parthenogenetic, androgenetic and fertilized blastocysts

Xiang-Shun Cui, Xing-Hui Shen, Shao-Chen Sun, Sun-Wha Cho, Young-Tae Heo, Yong-Kook Kang, Teruhiko Wakayama, Nam-Hyung Kim
Journal of Genetics and Genomics 2013 April 20, 40 (4): 189-200
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of highly conserved small non-coding RNA molecules that play a pivotal role in several cellular functions. In this study, miRNA and messenger RNA (mRNA) profiles were examined by Illumina microarray in mouse embryonic stem cells (ESCs) derived from parthenogenetic, androgenetic, and fertilized blastocysts. The global analysis of miRNA-mRNA target pairs provided insight into the role of miRNAs in gene expression. Results showed that a total of 125 miRNAs and 2394 mRNAs were differentially expressed between androgenetic ESCs (aESCs) and fertilized ESCs (fESCs), a total of 42 miRNAs and 87 mRNAs were differentially expressed between parthenogenetic ESCs (pESCs) and fESCs, and a total of 99 miRNAs and 1788 mRNAs were differentially expressed between aESCs and pESCs. In addition, a total of 575, 5 and 376 miRNA-mRNA target pairs were observed in aESCs vs. fESCs, pESCs vs. fESCs, and aESCs vs. pESCs, respectively. Furthermore, 15 known imprinted genes and 16 putative uniparentally expressed miRNAs with high expression levels were confirmed by both microarray and real-time RT-PCR. Finally, transfection of miRNA inhibitors was performed to validate the regulatory relationship between putative maternally expressed miRNAs and target mRNAs. Inhibition of miR-880 increased the expression of Peg3, Dyrk1b, and Prrg2 mRNA, inhibition of miR-363 increased the expression of Nfat5 and Soat1 mRNA, and inhibition of miR-883b-5p increased Nfat5, Tacstd2, and Ppapdc1 mRNA. These results warrant a functional study to fully understand the underlying regulation of genomic imprinting in early embryo development.

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