Segmental enhancement inversion of small renal oncocytoma: differences in prevalence according to tumor size

Sungmin Woo, Jeong Yeon Cho, Seung Hyup Kim, Sang Youn Kim, Hak Jong Lee, Sung Il Hwang, Min Hoan Moon, Chang Kyu Sung
AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology 2013, 200 (5): 1054-9

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to retrospectively assess the prevalence of segmental enhancement inversion of small renal oncocytomas according to tumor size.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-three patients (19 men, 14 women; mean age, 61 years; range, 40-74 years) with 33 oncocytomas diagnosed at surgical resection who had undergone contrast-enhanced biphasic CT between January 2000 and December 2011 were included. CT scans were analyzed by two radiologists blinded to the specifics of the pathology report for size, presence of segmental enhancement inversion, enhancement pattern, and homogeneity. Segmental enhancement inversion was present when a renal mass was divided into two differently enhanced segments in the corticomedullary phase (30-40 seconds after contrast injection) with the degree of enhancement reversed in the nephrographic phase (120-180 seconds after contrast injection). The masses were further assessed for fibrous septa, cystic change, hemorrhage, and necrosis. For statistical analysis, the Pearson chi-square test and linear regression were used to evaluate the relation between the prevalence of segmental enhancement inversion and tumor size or pathologic changes.

RESULTS: The mean diameter of 33 renal oncocytomas was 2.65 cm (range, 0.8-4.8 cm). There was no significant linear trend according to size (p = 0.762), although segmental enhancement inversion was significantly (p = 0.006) more common (10/12) in tumors measuring 1.5-2.9 cm. Pathologic change was present in 14 oncocytomas. There was no significant linear trend according to size (p = 0.068), but 2.5-cm and larger tumors had a significantly higher prevalence (57.9%) (p = 0.036). Segmental enhancement inversion was more common (13/19) in tumors without pathologic change (p = 0.024).

CONCLUSION: Segmental enhancement inversion was a characteristic finding in our series of small renal oncocytomas and was more common in tumors measuring 1.5-2.9 cm. Pathologic changes such as central scar were more common in oncocytomas larger than 2.5 cm and may be related to the low occurrence of segmental enhancement inversion.

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